What is an insurance expense in a financial statement in accounting?

insurance expense accounting

Thus, the total insurance expense to be paid is $19,300 for the sum insured of $500,000. Contact us to learn more about prepaid insurance and if it’s right for you. Property insurance protects any buildings or equipment which belong to the company, and both liability and casualty protect the business in case any harm were to come to its customers or its workers while they are on the job. Compounding https://www.bookstime.com/articles/what-is-a-virtual-accountant these pressures, the economic impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic are becoming more widespread each day, with limited clarity as to when or how a recovery will take shape. The economic contraction has already caused significant unemployment globally. And insurance regulatory authorities and government bodies are reacting to protect policyholder interests and reduce negative consumer outcomes.

Some payments are made early by companies at certain times due to the future advantages they bring. In accounting, these early payments are termed “prepaid expenses” and are recognised as current assets on the company’s balance sheet. Once these expenses are incurred, the current asset account will then be reduced, whilst the income statement will acknowledge the expenses during that accounting period. As a result, having a strong basic understanding of how prepaid expenses work may help finance professionals accurately calculate and record them when preparing the corporation’s income statement and balance sheet. Upon the end of every accounting period, a journal entry will need to be recorded for the expense incurred during that timeframe and in accordance with the amortisation schedule. In specific, the journey entry will need to credit the prepaid asset account (e.g., prepaid insurance) on the balance sheet, followed by the debiting of the expense on the company’s profit and loss statement (e.g., insurance expense).


BlackLine’s glossary provides descriptions for industry words and phrases, answers to frequently asked questions, and links to additional resources. Gain global visibility and insight into accounting processes while reducing risk, increasing productivity, and ensuring accuracy. Close the gaps left in critical finance and accounting processes with minimal IT support. About the same time, the European Union (EU) insurance expense started work on Solvency II, a framework directive aimed at streamlining and strengthening solvency requirements across the EU in an effort to create a single market for insurance. Ideally, a set of universal accounting principles would facilitate global capital flows and lower the cost of raising capital. Some 100 countries now require or allow the international standards that the IASB has developed.

insurance expense accounting

If you believe that using summary entries can help you more accurately account for your business transactions, you might want to give Synder a try in a Daily Summary sync mode. Or if you prefer a specialist to talk you through the process via a live chat, book office hours with the Synder support team. Nearly all businesses will face some type of insurance expense in order to protect their operations in the event of unforeseen adverse events. For insurance policies that protect a manufacturer’s production functions, the expense will be allocated to the cost of production, where it will be divided by the number of units manufactured. The cost of insurance is recorded as an expense in the period in which it has been used. Deloitte refers to one or more of Deloitte Touche Tohmatsu Limited, a UK private company limited by guarantee (“DTTL”), its network of member firms, and their related entities.

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In the second illustration, it was explicitly stated that financial statements were to be prepared at the end of March, and that necessitated an end of March adjustment. The Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) requires companies that file financial statements with them to follow GAAP or IFRS depending on whether they are U.S. issuers or foreign private issuers. Over time, the FASB has evaluated and to some extent aligned their standards with International Financial Reporting Standards (IFRS) through a joint project or have decided to in other cases to not align them. Insurance expense and insurance payable are two different things, yet they are interrelated.

How do you record insurance expenses?

At the end of any accounting period, the amount of the insurance premiums that remain prepaid should be reported in the current asset account, Prepaid Insurance. The prepaid amount will be reported on the balance sheet after inventory and could part of an item described as prepaid expenses.

Journal entries must be recorded accurately to ensure that the accounting books are correct. As the goods or services are utilized over time, the prepaid expense asset account is gradually reduced, and the corresponding expense account is increased. For example, when a business pre-pays for rent, it initially records the payment as a prepaid rent asset. As each month passes and the business utilizes the rented property, it recognizes the portion of prepaid rent that has been consumed as an expense in the income statement. One popular example of a prepaid expense would be insurance because it always has to be paid early. If a business purchases an insurance policy for US$12,000 that encompasses the next 12 months, it would need to record US$12,000 in current assets in its balance sheet at the point of making the payment to acknowledge this prepaid expense.

What Is Amortization of Prepaid Expenses?

Regulators require insurers to have sufficient surplus to support the policies they issue. The greater the risks assumed, and hence the greater the potential for claims against the policy, the higher the amount of policyholders’ surplus required. Whenever a payment representing the early payment of an expense has been made, a prepaid account (e.g., prepaid insurance) will need to be debited, whilst the cash account must be credited. This thereby notes that the prepayment is a type of asset on the firm’s balance sheet.



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